Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) cause millions of new infections yearly. There are more than 20 different types of STDs including chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HPV and many more. Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites. The most common methods of transmission are through sexual contact such as vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Sexual contact is not the only method of transmission. Sometimes transmission can also occur through intimate physical contact. HPV and herpes are spread through skin-skin contact.
Anyone can be affected by STDs, but in many cases the health problems are more severe in women. If a woman is pregnant an STD can cause serious health complications for both her and the baby. There are a wide range of symptoms but they can include fever, abdominal pain, unusual discharge from penis or vagina, genital warts, blisters, sores, painful or frequent urination and much more. The only way to really know if you are exposed to an STD is to be tested. This is especially important because some cause mild or no symptoms at all. Therefore making it impossible to know unless you get tested. Several methods of tests are available depending on your situation. For example it can include a physical exam, microscopic examination of a sore or fluid swabbed from the vagina, penis, or anus and even blood tests.
If positive, most STDs can be treated or cured entirely by medicine and can even lower the risk of spreading the infection to your partner. Antibiotics are commonly used to treat STDs caused by a bacteria or parasite. However, there is no cure for STDs caused by viruses but symptom management is available. In addition, vaccines are available against HPV and hepatitis B.
STDs can be prevented through the correct usage of latex condoms which greatly reduces your risks of catching an STD and spreading it. If allergic to latex use polyurethane condoms. The most reliable way to avoid infection is abstinence. Remember if you are having sex, protect yourself and your partner and always wear protection.
This article reviewed by Ms. Deb Dooley.
There’s nothing more important than our good health – that’s our principal capital asset.
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