Diabetes is a global health problem affecting a huge proportion of the adult population. It results from higher than normal blood sugar levels and gets worse with fluctuations in the diet plan. The two major factors causing diabetes include the deficiency or ineffective use of the insulin hormone.
A healthy individual has a blood sugar level below 140mg/dl. In diabetic individuals, this value rises to above 200mg/dl.
There are several types of diabetes including gestational diabetes, prediabetes, type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes. Most of the diabetes patients suffer from type 2 diabetes in which the body develops resistance against the action of insulin. Consequently, blood glucose rises up to abnormal levels.
In this article, you will go through everything that an adult needs to know about diabetes. You will get to know the possible causes, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment plans. So, let’s take a look at the various factors that result in the development of a chronic diabetic condition in adults.
Possible Risk Factors Leading To Diabetes
Diabetes can result from a combination of many different factors. Your diet, family history, and environment play a significant role in the development of diabetes. However, type 1 diabetes is mainly a genetic disorder. Such individuals have a genetic predisposition to the disease.
On the other hand, people above age 45 who are obese have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Other factors giving rise to this condition are high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sedentary lifestyle, excessive consumption of beverages, and descent.
Major Causes of Diabetes
Different types of diabetes have different underlying causes. Consulting a physician or getting in touch with online doctors and healthcare facilities can help in having a proper diagnosis.
Type 1 diabetes is considered an auto-immune disorder causing the destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It involves genetic factors mainly. However, type 2 diabetes results from a combination of environmental and genetic factors and tends to run in families. Its occurrence is higher in overweight and older adults.
Furthermore, gestational diabetes is confined to pregnant females only and stems from fluctuations in hormone levels. Placental hormones are the major factors causing this irregularity.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Increased thirst, hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurry vision are among the most commonly observed symptoms of diabetes. However, some of the symptoms are confined to a specific sex.
Diabetic males experience erectile dysfunction and a diminished sex drive whereas diabetic females are more vulnerable to yeast and urinary tract infections.
Treatment for Diabetes
The cure for diabetes varies with the factor causing it. Individuals with type 1 diabetes use insulin prepared through recombinant DNA technology to make up for their deficiency. Insulin injections are used as an urgent care measure in severe conditions to avoid complications.
Furthermore, individuals with type 2 diabetes use dietary and lifestyle changes as a primary care plan. Several medications are also available for such patients. They are administered only if exercise and diet fail to lower blood sugar levels.
The Bottom Line
All in all, diabetes is a widespread medical condition that can be managed effectively if diagnosed at an early stage. Early diagnosis plays a crucial role in full recovery. You should exercise regularly and follow a strict meal plan to avoid any complications. If you need any further information, you can find them on the centers for disease control and prevention website.